Roland - AS-1 Sustainer  [schematic]

Discussion regarding early stompbox technology: 1960-1975 Please keep discussion focused and contribute what info you have...
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ansil
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Post by ansil »

this circuit is a nice fuzz sound without all the extra parts. i built one for a friend about six months ago. i found the device to be too exttrme between mud and bright but again good fuzz

Hotstuff
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Post by Hotstuff »

I'm working on the 18v version supasustain and I've found that different LDR's do change the tone of this pedal quite a bit. I've got an original supasustain to compare with and I haven't been able to find an LDR that hits sweet spot like the original. Perhaps with some help we can put rest to the which "LDR should I use" question for once and for all? I'm willing to measure/desolder if that would help.

My first question would be is it possible to adjust the circuit to decrease the maximum gain a little? I've got LDR's that come close but then drive a little to hard causing a bit of distortion. Any help would be great! :thumbsup

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Post by Hotstuff »

Perhaps I'll try asking in different places, but if anyone could help out it would be really great!

To make sure this post doesn't go wasted, here are some gut shots of an original 18v supasustain.
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mictester
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Post by mictester »

Hotstuff wrote:My first question would be is it possible to adjust the circuit to decrease the maximum gain a little? I've got LDR's that come close but then drive a little to hard causing a bit of distortion. Any help would be great! :thumbsup
You can reduce the gain by reducing the value of the 220k in the collector of the first stage. You might have to increase the value of the emitter resistors (1k5 and 1k8) beneath Q2 slightly, to keep the collector of Q2 at Vcc/2. It's very important (for minimum distortion)to keep the collector of Q2 at half the supply voltage - many of the original Colorsound ones were horribly misbiased! The LDR doesn't introduce distortion - it's the bad biasing. You can try almost any LDR by the LED MUST be an old-fashioned low efficiency type.
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mictester
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Post by mictester »

I built another one of these for a friend who'd destroyed one by letting batteries leak inside it....

I used a generic Ebay LDR and an ordinary low efficiency green 3mm LED. I breadboarded it first, since I wanted to tweak the bias for a different supply voltage. The critical thing is to get the collector of the second transistor at half the supply voltage if you don't want a compressed fuzz box! The way to achieve this is to replace (temporarily) the LDR with a fixed resistor (I used 47k) and then tweak the emitter resistors at Q2 and the collector load resistor at Q1. You can even put in (temporarily) preset resistors and twiddle for best results. I replaced the emitter resistors in Q2 with a 5k preset with the wiper going to the base bias resistor for Q1 - I could get the collector of Q2 to half rail at almost any supply voltage from 7V (a flat PP3) up to 12V without adjustment.

It's worthwhile reducing the collector resistor of Q1, especially if you're hitting the thing with the output of humbuckers. I've taken it as low as 120k with reasonable results, but 150 - 180k is better.

This circuit is really open to modifications - it's difficult to break, so have a play! There's more than enough output from Q2 to feed most kinds of clipping stages, so making a sustain / fuzz is really easy. I'd have two level controls - one for the clean sustain output and the other for the fuzzed sustain output, and select the right control with one pole of the "fuzz" footswitch.
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